The Fourth Amendment Judicial Understanding Third Parties

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Sophia Reiss


This article explores the Fourth Amendment’s privacy protections specifically focused on the “third party exception” and the integrity of that exception to the Fourth Amendment and its definitions of privacy. Additionally, this article examines the European Union’s relatively new data privacy law as an alternative way to account for third parties while remaining faithful to the Fourth Amendment’s privacy ideals.

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Author Biography

Sophia Reiss, Brandeis University

Undergraduate at Brandeis University Class of 2023